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Groupe d'étude de marché

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Ethan Reed
Ethan Reed

18-jan_2 - Google Drive


Objectives: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Touro University California campus to compare differences in reaction times and driving performance of younger adult drivers (18-40 years) and older adult drivers (60 years and older). Each test group consisted of 38 participants.




18-jan_2 - Google Drive



Conclusions: Differences exist in driving patterns of older and younger drivers as measured by reaction times and driving simulator outcomes. These results are the first to compare these 2 specific adult age groups' driving performance as measured by a standardized driving simulator scenario. Identifying these differences is essential in addressing them and preventing future traffic injuries.


A driver privilege card is not REAL ID-compliant, so it cannot be used as identification to board a flight or enter a secure federal facility. Driver privilege card applicants are not eligible for a commercial driver's license.


If you are age 18 or older and have never held a driver's license or driver privilege card issued by Virginia, another U.S. state, jurisdiction, territory, foreign country or cannot show proof you previously held one, you must show proof you have either:


  • Documents in a foreign language must be accompanied by a certified English translation by a professional translator.

  • Your proof of reported income and deductions from Virginia sources will be verified electronically with the Virginia Department of Taxation before your driver privilege card is issued. Visit tax.virginia.gov for Virginia income tax return filing information.

  • All documents must be originals and will be subject to verification; however, print-outs of online residency documents listed on Obtaining a Driver Privilege Card or Identification Privilege Card are acceptable as proof of residency.

  • Temporary documents and photocopies of documents will not be accepted. DMV will not accept a document as proof of identity, legal presence, residency or Social Security number when there is reason to believe it is not legitimate.

  • Documents accepted by DMV as proof of identity, Virginia residency, and Social Security number may change without prior notice. DMV may also require additional documents. If you have official documentation not yet listed that you believe meets DMV requirements, please present it to your local DMV office for review.

  • Upon issuance of a driver privilege card in the Commonwealth of Virginia, any driver's license, driver privilege card, commercial driver's license or identification card previously issued by another state must be surrendered and will be canceled by the issuing state.



If you are under age 18 and completing a driver education program, your parent, guardian or foster parent must list their driver's license, driver privilege card or state-issued identification card number and sign the driver education certificate of completion to certify that you have driven at least 45 hours, 15 of which occurred after sunset, and that the statements made and the information submitted on the certificate are true and correct. Certifying false statements can result in prosecution. If you previously have been found not innocent of any offense by a juvenile and domestic relations court in Virginia or any other state, you must get approval to be licensed from that court, or a court in the city or county where you live, to be eligible for a driver privilege card.


When applying for a driver privilege card, you must complete the Driver and Identification Privilege Card application (form DL 10). You may complete this form before or after coming to DMV. Use your full legal name. Abbreviations and nicknames will not be accepted. For your convenience, you may indicate your desire to become an organ donor.


Falsifying information on any driver's license, driver privilege card or identification card application is a criminal offense. Altering or assisting a person with improperly or fraudulently obtaining a driver's license, driver privilege card, learner's permit, CDL, commercial learner's permit or ID card are also criminal offenses.


DMV will assign you a customer number which will display on your driver privilege card or learner's permit. If you wish to change your DMV-assigned number in the future, you may be required to present documentation from law enforcement or the courts indicating that you may be a victim of identity theft.


If you are under age 18 when your your driver privilege card is issued, ou may be required to attend a court licensing ceremony with your parent or guardian to receive your license. The Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court in your jurisdiction will mail you a notice if you are required to attend. If the court does not require the ceremony, your privilege card will be mailed to you. See list of courts/jurisdictions requiring juvenile licensing ceremonies for more information.


If you are under age 18 when the driver privilege card is issued and are required to attend a court licensing ceremony, and you turn 18 before your ceremony you must still attend the ceremony, but your parent or guardian does not need to accompany you.


If you are under age 18, you, a parent, or a legal guardian can submit a signed physician statement requesting indicators be placed on your driver privilege card as a means of identifying a disability to law enforcement personnel. A "9" will display in the restriction field on the face of the license and will be decoded on the back as follows:


Your driver privilege card will display "D" under the "Class" heading and "9" under "Restrictions." The back of your driver privilege card will decode the classification of "D" as an "Operator DL" and "9" as "Limited duration (See expiration date on front)." A Class "D" driver's license allows you to operate passenger vehicles.


If you are at least age 16 and three months but under age 18 and you hold a valid driver's license or driver privilege card issued by a U.S. state or territory, you must pass a vision screening test and complete an approved driver education program in Virginia or while residing in another state. The driver's education program must include a minimum of 30 classroom hours and six in-car instruction hours.


If you are age 18 or older and you hold a valid driver's license issued by a U.S. state or territory, since you have already successfully tested to get a driving credential, you will only have to pass a vision screening.


Yes, you may apply for a driver privilege card if you have an expired Virginia driver's license. Since you have already successfully tested to get a driving credential in Virginia, you will only have to pass a vision screening. Additionally, if you are presenting the license as proof of identity, it may not be expired for more than five years.


No. The requirement to have reported income from Virginia sources or be claimed as a dependent on a tax return filed in Virginia is specific language in the law authorizing the driver privilege card. DMV does not have the authority to alter requirements established by the Virginia General Assembly. To be eligible for a driver privilege card, you must either show you have reported income from Virginia sources in the past 12 months or were claimed as a dependent of someone who has.


The tax verification is completed through a secure electronic process developed by DMV and the Virginia Department of Taxation. The verification is a 'real-time' transaction and will occur immediately when you apply for a driver privilege card at a customer service center.


During the verification process, the Department of Taxation will provide the date when your last return was accepted by the Department of Taxation. This date must be within one year of the date you are applying for a driver privilege card. For example, if you are applying for a driver privilege card on January 2, 2021, your most recent tax return must have been accepted by the Department of Taxation on or after January 2, 2020.


No. If you are a Virginia resident age 18 or older and have never held a license issued by any state, U.S. territory or foreign country, you may show completion of a state-approved driver education program which will include the road skills test. Doing so will waive the requirement to hold a learner's permit for at least 60 days and you will not be required to retake the road skills test at DMV. You can find more information about driver training schools, including a list of approved schools by visiting Training Schools.


If you are required by federal law to register with the Selective Service and have not already done so, you must authorize DMV to send your information to the Selective Service. If you refuse, we cannot issue you a driver privilege card. 041b061a72


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